10 facts about tuberculosis

Be informed in order to know how to take care of yourself

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1. 60% of the world's cases of tuberculosis occur in the countries of India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.

2.-Tuberculosis during childhood is very difficult to diagnose since the symptoms are usually taken as a common cold or in other cases do not develop symptoms that indicate that the child is infected.

3. In people infected with HIV, tuberculosis is the leading cause of death. Approximately 40% die from complications from this infection.

4.-The disease has been receiving fewer victims between the years 2000 and 2016, since it was possible to reduce deaths by up to 25%. The only region where a strategy to eradicate the infection has yet to be adapted is in Africa.

5.- In 2016, the 30 countries that have the most cases of tuberculosis, concentrated up to 87% of all cases in the world. In Asia alone, 61% of cases were recorded.

6. People infected with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, if not treated properly, may develop ultrarresistant tuberculosis. The latter is more dangerous since fewer drugs are able to respond to treatment.

7.- If a person who is infected with tuberculosis, is not treated, either because he does not know what he has or because he does not have access to treatment, he can infect between 10 and 15 people a year.

8.-Those people who are HIV-positive are at a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis. This is because their defenses are not as resilient as those of healthy people.

9.-Not everyone who gets infected with the bacteria gets to develop the disease. It is estimated that 90% of people fail to develop tuberculosis, as their immune system succeeds in destroying bacteria.

10.- For a person to become infected, it is said that a contact is required for a very long time so that there is a real risk of contagion.