10 most common neurological disorders
How many of these do you know?
These diseases are all those that directly affect the nervous system, spinal cord or other nerves and nerve extensions. This causes the nervous system can not perform actions efficiently, which ends up causing the person not to be able to perform common activities.
Know here the most common diseases that can attack the nervous system:
Stroke. These types of accidents are among the most common these days, as they are the third leading cause of death worldwide. When we mention them, we are not referring only to one type of disease, but to a group of diseases. Accidents can be any of the following:
-Cerebral haemorrhage. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is broken and kills the surrounding neurons by compression.
-Ictus or ischemia. This occurs when the brain stops receiving a sufficient amount of oxygen, which may be due to a thrombus (blood clot) or some other access that prevents oxygen from being properly transported.
In both cases, there is a very short period of time to determine if the person is suffering from any and take immediate action. In some cases, the sufferings do not charge the life of the person. However, it is common that after having suffered any of these situations, the person loses some of their congnitive functions, due to the death or damage of a large number of neurons. The type of activities can range from talking, eating or walking.
For both cases, there are several methods to determine if the person is suffering from any of these accidents. In another edition, we will let you know what these methods are.
Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's is a disease that is classified as dementia and is considered a very common situation in the elderly. This disease is progressive, usually begins with the person forgetting small details such as names and objects. As time goes by the person will forget more things and become less independent, as a deterioration of cognitive functions is occurring. As the disorder progresses, the person begins to have problems in articulating words, recognizing faces of known people, among other things. The culminating phase of this disease is when the person no longer speaks and is advised to stay at home.
Headache. This is nothing less than the common headache that has once bothered us all. There are different grades and types of headache.
Among the most common are the following:
-Tension headache. It is the headache that occurs when the person is under high stress levels or when he has muscle problems.
-Cefalea in clusters or shoots. This type of pain occurs when the person only hurts one side of the face, usually a tearing in one eye, congestion, drooping of the eyelid and redness of the face.
Migraine. This condition has its origin in genetic issues and occurs when inflammatory substances are released around the blood vessels and nerves of the head. Migraine episodes are stronger than headaches and usually last longer than headaches. In addition, unlike headache, migraine is aggravated by very loud lights and sounds. In the case of people suffering from migraines, it is common to follow a treatment with a doctor to evaluate what is causing the migraine.
Epilepsy. Epilepsy is one of many brain ailments that occurs when brain cells send erroneous signals. In more severe cases, the epileptic person may lose consciousness, have seizures, incontinence or hallucinations. The origin of this condition can have multiple origins, among which are an abnormal development of the nervous system, trauma to the skull or brain tumors.
Brain tumor. Tumors of this type occur when there is uncontrolled and abnormal growth of some brain material, the tumor may appear in any of the brain structures. Being in such a delicate area as the brain, it is vital that care is taken as soon as possible, since even benign (non-harmful) tumors can put the person's life in danger. This is because the more the tumor grows, the pressure between the skull and the brain increases, which can cause some brain structures to deform or even destroy them. The symptoms will depend on the location of the tumor.
Multiple sclerosis. It occurs due to insufficient production of myelin (a substance responsible for the speed of nerve impulses). The severity of the symptoms will depend on how long the person is carrying the disease, but usually these are loss of balance, constant tiredness, visual and cognitive alterations, difficulty speaking, tremors in various parts of the body. To date, no cure has been found for this disease, but more and more progress has been made to control it and prevent symptoms from worsening.
Meningitis. It is an infection that can be produced by both a virus and a bacterium and affects the meninges or membranes that protect the nervous system, this ends up causing the entire nervous system to be compromised. The symptoms usually appear very quickly and these are; Fever, photophobia (discomfort by light), nausea, severe headaches, altered mental status. When someone is suspected of having meningitis, it is best to intervene immediately because it is a very aggressive infection.
Muscular dystrophy. It is characterized by muscular weakness, which is more common in men. Dystrophy means that the person does not have sufficient strength in most of the muscles, which prevents the necessary actions of the body such as breathing or walking. As the dystrophy progresses, the person will have more difficulty moving their muscles.