Diabetes, a disease we can prevent
Do you know someone with diabetes?
We are sure that you have heard about diabetes or know someone who has this condition. Not for nothing is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Have you ever wondered what would happen if everyone was informed about this disease and its symptoms? The best scenario would be that diabetes could be prevented in many cases or at least reduced to some extent. On this occasion, we will talk about what diabetes is, its symptoms and how you can reduce your chances of acquiring it at some point in your life. Do not forget that International Diabetes Day is celebrated every November 14.
We will begin by mentioning what this evil consists of.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body loses its ability to produce enough insulin or to use it effectively. Insulin is a hormone that is made in the pancreas and allows glucose from food to be transported to the body's cells, where it is converted into energy for the muscles and tissues to function. As a result, a person with diabetes does not absorb the glucose properly, so that it is circulating in the blood (hyperglycemia) and damaging tissues over time. This deterioration causes potentially lethal health complications, so it is important to always be able to recognize the symptoms in advance.
There are three main types of diabetes, these are:
• Type 1 Diabetes
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
Type 1 Diabetes
Type diabetes occurs when the body's defense system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. As a result, the body stops producing the insulin it needs. The reason why this happens has not yet been fully discovered. The disease can affect people of any age, but it usually occurs in children or young adults. People with this type of diabetes need insulin injections daily in order to control their blood glucose levels. Without insulin, a person with type 1 diabetes will die.
Type 1 diabetes usually develops suddenly and symptoms such as:
• Excess thirst and dry mouth
• Want to urinate frequently
• Extreme fatigue / lack of energy
• Constant appetite
• Sudden weight loss
• Slow healing of wounds
• Recurrent infections
• Blurred vision
People with type 1 diabetes can lead normal, healthy lives through a combination of daily insulin therapy, controlled monitoring, healthy diet, and regular exercise.
Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It usually appears in adults, but more and more cases in children and adolescents. In type 2 diabetes, the body can produce insulin but either is not enough, or the body does not respond to its effects, causing an accumulation of glucose in the blood.
People with type 2 diabetes could spend a lot of time unaware of their disease because the symptoms could take years to appear or be recognized, during which time the body deteriorates due to excess blood glucose.
Although the reasons for developing type 2 diabetes are not yet known, there are several factors that may increase the chances of developing this type of diabetes:
• Detrimental food
• Lack of physical activity
• Old age
• Family history of diabetes
• Inadequate nutrition during pregnancy, affecting the developing child
In contrast to people with type 1 diabetes, most people who have type 2 diabetes often do not need daily doses of insulin to survive. However, to control it, you must take into consideration some factors to control it, such as increasing physical activity, taking insulin by mouth, ect.
The number of people with type 2 diabetes is rapidly increasing worldwide. This increase is associated with economic development, the aging of the population, increased urbanization, changes in diet, reduced physical activity and the change of other patterns in daily life.
A woman is said to have gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) when diagnosed with diabetes during gestation. When a woman develops diabetes during pregnancy, it usually occurs at an advanced stage and arises because the body can not produce or use enough insulin for gestation.
Since gestational diabetes usually develops at an advanced stage, the baby is already well-formed, although it continues to grow. The risk for the baby is, therefore, lower than those whose mothers have type 1 or type 2 diabetes before pregnancy. However, women with GDM should also monitor their sugar levels in order to minimize the risks to the baby. This can usually be done through a healthy diet, although it may also be necessary to use insulin or oral medication.
Gestational diabetes of the mother usually disappears after childbirth. However, women who have had GDM are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes over time. Babies born to mothers with GDM are also at increased risk of obesity and developing type 2 diabetes in adulthood.
As you can see, each type of diabetes has factors that can increase your risk. Be sure to monitor if any of these factors are present in your life so that it is not too late and you can still lead a normal and healthy life.