What is it?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that affects the myelin or white matter of the brain and spinal cord, causing sclerotic plaques to hinder the normal functioning of these nerve fibers.
Myelin is a fatty substance that surrounds and insulates the nerves, acting as the cover of an electric wire and allowing the nerves to transmit their impulses quickly. The speed and efficiency with which these impulses are conducted allow smooth, fast and coordinated movements with little conscious effort.
Multiple sclerosis produces an immunological abnormality that is usually manifested in problems of coordination and balance, muscle weakness, visual disturbances, difficulties in thinking and memorizing and sensations of itching, punctures or numbness, in addition to other symptoms. The causes that cause multiple sclerosis are unknown, although there are indications that it could be an immune disease that causes the body to attack its own myelin. To date it has no cure, but a number of drugs and recommendations help slow its progress.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory disease that damages the covering of nerve fibers (myelin) of the Central Nervous System (CNS). In young adults it ranks first among neurological disorders that cause disability.
It can produce symptoms like fatigue, lack of balance, pain, visual and cognitive alterations, speech difficulties, tremor, etc.
What causes it?
Currently the reasons that cause this condition are unknown, however, it is believed that some of the reasons may be a virus or an unknown antigen that enters the body. This ends up causing an abnormality in the immune system, as the body begins to create antibodies against its own myelin which, over time, causes damage to the central nervous system.
What are your main symptoms?
Several studies have found a link between genetics and this disease. If a person has close relatives who have suffered, they increase their chances of contracting between 1 and 10%.
It is argued that multiple sclerosis is a disease that usually occurs more in young adults, the mean age of onset being between 29 and 34 years of age. However, the disease may even appear from 10 to 60 years. Both men and women may have it but more cases have been diagnosed in women.
What are your symptoms?
Like other diseases, sclerosis usually manifests several symptoms. These may appear isolated or all together. The most common are the following:
• Double or blurred vision
• Speech problems
• Tremor in the hands
Weakness in limbs
• Loss of strength or tenderness in any part of the body
• Vertigo or lack of balance
• Tingling sensation or numbness
• Urinary control problems
• Difficulty walking or coordinating movements
Some people who have it, have stated that they come to feel more intensely the symptoms whenever they are exposed to heat sources.
How can it be prevented?
Because the factors that cause this condition are not known, it is difficult to determine what are some ways to prevent it. However, some specialists have determined that vitamin D deficiency may increase the likelihood of acquiring vitamin D. Therefore, it is advisable to expose yourself from time to time to the sun's rays, as long as precautions are taken.
Another way to be able to prevent it is to make periodic visits to the neurologist, this will allow us to keep an adequate follow-up of our organism and detect in time if any symptoms occur.
What treatments are out there?
One of the most common treatments is to inject interferon beta, this substance allows the symptoms to be reduced and the development of the disability is delayed. Interferon beta is given orally and it is advisable to consult a doctor before starting to take it.
This treatment usually has some side effects but will not be shown on this occasion.
The diet of people with this condition is usually not changed.
Do you know anyone with this condition?
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